Psychology essay culture
impossible to scientifically test the concept of free will. There are examples of researchers being intimidated because of the line of research they are. Essay Question : - Discuss idiographic and nomothetic approaches to psychological investigation (16 marks) Ethics Socially Sensitive Research AO1 There has been an assumption over the years by many psychologists that provided they follow the BPS guidelines when using human participants and that all leave. Does not account for individual differences.
Research has been used to discriminate against groups in society such as sterilisation of people in the USA between 19 because they were of low intelligence, criminal or suffered from psychological illness. Alpha Bias : Has led to some theorists (Gilligan) to assert the worth and valuation feminine qualities. Whilst some of these are common traits (that could be investigated nomothetically) the majority, in Allports view, referred to more or less unique dispositions based on life experiences peculiar to ourselves. Examples are Bowlbys maternal deprivation studies and intelligence testing. Domestic violence, unpaid labour, discrimination). Supports of the nurture view are empiricists holding the view that all knowledge is gained through experience. For example early research on IQ was used to discriminate against US Blacks. Informed consent : Participants should be made aware of how taking part in the research may affect them.
Such reductionist explanations can be legitimately criticised as ignoring psychological, social and cultural factors. Some approaches in psychology see the source of this determinism as being outside the individual, a position known as environmental determinism. Deception : Causing the wider public to believe something, which isnt true by the findings, you report (e.g. German or Japanese samples. For example, emic constructs are likely to be ignored or misinterpreted as researchers from another culture may not master the sat essay required be sensitive to local emics. Can be higher in ecological validity. Biomedical Theories of Abnormality In women, mental illness, especially depression, is much more likely to be explained in terms of neurochemical/hormonal processes, rather than other possible explanations such as social or environmental (e.g. IQ tests developed in the West contain embedded assumptions about intelligence, but what counts as intelligent behavior varies from culture to culture.
Psychology essay culture
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